How times change! Who would have guessed, ten years ago, that DG would devote
a 2CD album to the chamber music and songs of Korngold. The fortunes of Korngold
(too often referred as "more corn than gold" in the not-too-distant past)
have certainly changed since the 1997 centenary celebrations and the untiring
championship of individuals like the composer's biographer Brendan Carroll
(see review of his book on this site). (The activity of the independents,
like Chandos and Naxos, have also forced the major record companies into
being more adventurous in their releases too, of course.)
This welcome new addition to the Korngold discography includes some valuable
première recordings: the two Simple Songs; the Four Shakespearean
Songs and the Three Songs of 1928-29.
Soprano Anne Sophie Otter delivers all the songs in this collection with
impeccable diction, style and technique, respecting Korngold's melodic lines
and breathing real life into them - wonderfully expressive singing. Bengt
Forsberg provides unobtrusive yet exceedingly telling and sensitive
The programme opens with the Abschiedlieder - the Four Songs of
Parting. This work is already available in Korngold's transcription for
voice and orchestra on Chandos CHAN 9171 with Linda Finnie, in fine voice,
with the BBC Philharmonic conducted by Sir Edward Downes. If anything the
reduced forces on this new album focus a purity on these beautiful, evocative
but melancholy melodies, particularly 'Requiem', based on the work of
Pre-Raphaelite poet Christina Gabriel Rosetti and 'Moon, thus you rise again'
a setting of a poem by Ernst Lothar. The beauty of these two songs is quite
breathtaking. 'Dies eine kann mein Sehnen nimmer fassen' (This one thing
my longing can never grasp) is a turbulent and defiant/despairing song that
wondefully captures the essence of Edith Ronsperger's lines. Finally, 'Resigned
Parting' to lines again by Lothar, tells of a soldier's parting from his
beloved - a sad acceptance lifted by a more joyful anticipation of future
'Songs of the Clown' were composed for Max Reinhardt's 1941 production,
Shakespeare's Women, Clowns and Songs. For this production, Korngold
reconstructed his Shakespearean songs that had been confiscated and destroyed
by the Nazis when they entered Austria and raided his property. 'Come Away,
Death' is an expressive elegy of which one of my fellow reviewers has observed
- "it is Mahleresque to such a degree that one feels Korngold was making
a sad farewell to Vienna." 'O Mistress Mine' and 'Hey Robin' are jolly contrasts;
but, for me, the most memorable number is 'For the Rain, It Raineth Every
Day.' Sophie-Mutter grasps every expressive opportunity offered in the amusing
every day, every day, every day."
The two Simple Songs without op. no. date from 1911 and 1913. 'At Night'
is a lovely, fragrant nocturne with a ravishing impressionistic part for
the piano. 'The Gifted' is a high-spirited, merry wedding celebration.
The Four Shakespeare Songs (1937-1941) commences with Korngold's 'Desdemona's
Song' with its desolate refrain "Sing willow, willow." It is, for me, every
bit as successful as the celebrated Verdi aria. 'Under the Greenwood' restores
good humour and an admonition to enjoy life with a sunny "Come hither, come
" refrain. 'Blow, blow, Thou Winter Wind' is a strongly rhythmic
song of defiance while 'When Birds Do Sing' is a playful setting of the famous
lines beginning "It was a lover and his lass
" Sophie Mutter seems to
enjoy both of these songs particularly for she delivers them with great relish.
The Three Lieder date from 1928-29. The beautiful 'What are you to me?' is
one of Korngold's loveliest romantic melodies. 'To be silent with you' is
another softly romantic and plaintive melody while 'The world has silently
gone to sleep' is another haunting nocturne with ravishing piano writing.
Anne Sophie Mutter completes her contribution with Forsberg's arrangement
of the famous 'Marietta's Song', the highlight of Korngold's opera Die
tote Stadt. This is singing to cherish.
To the chamber music. The Piano Quintet was written in 1920-21 shortly after
Korngold had completed Die tote Stadt. Its heroic romantic style echoes that
of the opera and anticipates his later Hollywood romances. You can visualise
the merry men of Sherwood and Errol Flynn romancing Olivia de Havilland.
As Brendan Carroll observes, Korngold's complex writing and wonderful sonorities
make you believe you are listening to a much larger ensemble than a quintet;
the demanding string writing is complemented by a virtuoso piano part. The
work brims with ideas. The opening movement is bold and intensely romantic
with themes that leap skywards contrasted with material that are touching
in their simplicity. The extraordinarily beautiful Adagio, is a set of nine
variations based on the Abschiedslieder with emphasis on the lovely
'Moon, thus you rise again.' The Finale is strident, exuberant and merry.
Bengt Forsberg is joined by Kjell Lysell (first violin), Ulf Forsberg (second
violin) Nils-Erik Sparf (viola) and Mats Lidström (cello) and
together they play their hearts out for Korngold's vibrant composition.
The Suite for 2 violins, cello and piano left hand was completed in 1930.
In 1923 Korngold had written a piano concerto for left hand in response to
a commission from the celebrated one-arm pianist Paul Wittgenstein. This
concerto delighted Wittgenstein so much that he commissioned a second work
- this composition for a chamber ensemble. The opening movement is troubled
and darkly dramatic with some disturbing dissonances and an eerie fugue.
The second movement is a beguiling Waltz - wistful, nostalgic and very Viennese
yet there is something of the darker Ravelian view too with its surprising
dissonant interjections. The 'Groteske' scherzo is relentless and devilish,
the slow movement relaxes into another glorious Korngold melody based on
the song 'What are you to me?' and the finale introduces yet another gorgeous
melody suffused with a golden autumnal glow. Again Forsberg's ensemble delivers
a peerless reading.
An album that will richly reward the more adventurous film music enthusiast
who wants to explore the further reaches of the art of one of the greats
of Hollywood's Golden Age.