BARGAIN OF THE MONTH
Giles SWAYNE (b. 1946)
Magnificat I (1982) [4.18]
The silent land (1997) [22.58] (2)
Ave verum corpus (2003) [3.08]
Stabat mater (2004) [36.18]
O Lulum [1.37] (1)
The La Jola people, Senegal (1)
Raphael Wallfisch (cello) (2)
The Dimitri Ensemble/Graham Ross
rec. All Hallows Chuch, Gospel Oak, London, 7-9 April 2010, except for O Lulum. Senegal, 1982
NAXOS 8.572595 [68.18]
This disc presents a selection of choral music by Giles Swayne from the last twenty years. It forms a useful overview of the interesting trajectory of Swayne’s career. Trained at Cambridge and the Royal Academy, where he studied with Harrison Birtwistle, Swayne has been heavily influenced by African music. His field trip in the 1980s to Senegal to record music of the La Jola people had a direct influence on the Magnificat on this disc. And though Swayne has now come to rest in Cambridge, where he became composer-in-residence at Clare College in 2008, he spent some time living in Ghana. The disc celebrates the three main influences on Swayne’s music: Latin plainchant (Swayne was brought up a Catholic), Tudor polyphony and traditional African music.
The disc opens with an extract from a Senegalese ploughing song, O Lulum recorded by Swayne in 1982. This is followed by Magnificat I which makes use of material from the Senegalese song. O Lulum appears at the beginning and end of the piece, but the way that Swayne sets the Latin text in a polyrhythmic manner owes much to other African traditional musics. Magnificat I is a tricky piece to bring off, requiring a rhythmic dexterity which the Dimitri Ensemble exhibit perfectly. The result is as celebratory and exhilarating as one could wish.
The silent land was written as a result of a commission for a piece in memory of a friend’s husband. The couple had been devout atheists, so that Swayne conceived of a scheme to set Requiem texts which make no mention of either God, punishment or reward. Swayne uses lines from Dylan Thomas’s poem Do not go gentle into that good night, Christina Rossetti’s When I am dead my dearest, Robert Louis Stevenson’s Requiem plus lines from the Requiem mass.
The choral part is centred around and focused on a solo cello which represents the individual soul and the piece concentrates on the acceptance of human loss. The long final section consists simply of the choir repeating the words Requiescat in pace, dona eis requiem aeternam, whilst the cello sings a long anguished line.
Swayne uses a forty-part choir. Each of the eight choirs consists of an SATB group plus a soloist. The eight soloists also come together as a semi-chorus (SSAATTBB). When using all forty parts, Swayne’s textures are difficult and dense, but these contrast with magically transparent sections for reduced numbers of voices. The silent land isn’t an easy piece: the cello part explores the depths of anguish in a musical language which is angular, difficult, angry and expressive and the chorus back the soloist up. But the result is enthralling and I would love to hear it live. The Dmitri Ensemble number just forty singers so, rather impressively, they are singing this music one voice to a part. The performance is confident and technically strong, but more than that it is expressive and moving. The solo cellist is Raphael Wallfisch who plays Swayne’s cello part in a richly vibrant manner.
Ave verum corpus is a smaller-scale piece, written for just four-part chorus in 2003, for Clare College choir. And, like the Magnificat, is probably much more accessible to other choirs to sing.
Finally there is Swayne’s most recent piece on the disc, a huge setting of the Stabat Mater for unaccompanied eight-part chorus and four soloists. The poem consists of eight syllable lines and Swayne uses a series of eight-node modes, giving each line its own mode. It has an extra-musical dimension as well: Swayne seeks to place the narrative of the grieving mother into our contemporary political landscape. He includes extra sections setting Hebrew, Aramaic and Arabic and dedicates the piece to the grieving mothers of Israel and Palestine.
Swayne’s extra texts come from the Jewish Kaddish, a Hebrew blessing of the dead from the Babylonian Talmud and part of the Muslim burial service. The final section includes words from the Agnus Dei of the mass, is intended to unite all three religious cultures in a prayer for peace.
Though Swayne’s writing is angular and sometimes jagged, with expressive dissonances, his textures are often transparent and reveal his love of polyphony, but distilled through a modern sensibility. His use of soloists means that the piece has a satisfying variety of textures. But, Stabat Mater is a long and difficult piece, and the concluding prayer for peace is by no means a radiantly positive conclusion. There were moments when I could not help wondering whether the piece outstayed its welcome, whether it would have benefited from being a little shorting. But there is no denying the commitment of the Dmitri Ensemble and their soloists who are all drawn from the choir.
The booklet includes the texts in English - except for the Dylan Thomas which is omitted, presumably for copyright reasons - and the texts in the original languages are available from Naxos’s website.
This disc is a hugely impressive achievement from the Dmitri Ensemble and conductor Graham Ross. Ross is himself a composer and shows great sympathy for Swayne’s music. The performances of Swayne’s difficult music are technically accomplished, profoundly satisfying and vividly expressive. This is contemporary choral music at its best, and it is available at super-budget price.
This is contemporary choral music at its best, and it is available at super-budget price.