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  Founder: Len Mullenger
Classical Editor: Rob Barnett

Peter Erasmus LANGE-MÜLLER (1850-1926)
Symphony No. 1 Autumn (1879)
Symphony No. 2 (1889 rev 1915)
Chamber Philharmonic of Bohemia (Pardubice)/Douglas Bostock
rec House of Music, Pardubice, Czech Republic, 12-13 Jan 2001

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Lange-Müller was the child of a cultured and well-connected Copenhagen couple. Hans Christian Andersen, Oehlenschlager (author of the Aladdin play to which Nielsen wrote incidental music and of the words sung by the choir in the finale of the Busoni Piano Concerto), Niels Gade and Jenny Lind were amongst many famous house guests. Peter became a prolific composer in this fecundly nurturing hothouse. Despite his prolific production rate few of his works have any hold beyond Denmark.

The Symphony No. 1 runs for circa 35 minutes and is in four movements. A briskly musing solo violin ushers in the symphony in as individual a manner as you could want. This contemporary of Stanford and Parry writes in a style that has the lift and flight of Mendelssohn and Dvorak. The vivace is part Rossinian tarantella; part Hardanger folk dance. The Brahmsian andante sets the scene for an over-extended finale allegro con fuoco (not fueco as claimed in the insert sheet).

The Second Symphony was only lightly revised in 1916. It is substantially the same work as was first performed in 1889. The finale is specially memorable with an ever mobile allegro festivo which rears up joyously, borne on the wings of Schumann's Rhenish symphony. Otherwise Grieg haunts the andantes and the sprightly third movement touches on material from provincial dance halls - a Polacca. The composer's Dvorakian propensity and light palate avoids high-flown emotions.

The orchestra is, as the very informative notes confess, light on the string complement but the resulting balance is confirmed by Mogens Wenzel Andreasen as authentic to the orchestras of Lange-Müller's day. This avoidance of lush string tone certainly emphasises the chamber 'lighting' allowing us to appreciate orchestration that, although criticised by contemporaries, is well put across by players, conductor and engineers. While the performances do occasionally sound both caring and careful there is much to enjoy here. However for all the references to late romanticism these works are much closer to the 19th century pictorialism of Ludolf Nielsen's orchestral suites, the Borresen symphonies 2 and 3, the Svendsen symphonies, Schumann 2 and 3 and the Mendelssohn Italian and Scottish symphonies than to the exalted tense Tchaikovskian romance of Borresen's First Symphony and Violin Concerto, the Macdowell and Karlowicz tone poems, or of Arthur Farwell, or Vitezslav Novak or even late Fibich.

Bostock notes parallels with Novak and Fibich. While I struggle with the Novak links the Fibich references are clear enough especially in the sparkling writing for wind instruments. Lange-Müller however lacks Fibich's high tension drama - compare the Sejna Supraphon mono recording of Fibich's Third Symphony.

I wonder if this present CD is the premiere commercial recording of the symphonies. Possibly not - no such claim is made in the booklet. In any event these works are not otherwise commonly available. In the UK the complete ClassicO catalogue (with many choice items) is available through DI Music.

There is much to enjoy here and as a listening experience there are many original and ear-tickling moments. This music is, in fact, quite a discovery and if you were as disappointed as I was by the Grieg symphony do not be concerned; the Lange-Müller symphonies are much fresher in impulse.

Rob Barnett

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