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FRENCH SYMPHONIES
From the Nineteenth Century To The Present

A Discography Of CDs And LPs
Prepared by Michael Herman

All national discographies

© 2009-14 Michael Herman


INTRODUCTION

While not one of the backbones of musical culture as it is in Germany, the symphony in France is an essential component of its compositional achievement. The number of French symphonies that are members of that exclusive club known as "the basic repertoire" is few but since the advent of the 19th century, French composers have produced a steady flow of important works in this pinnacle of orchestral genres. It is the aim of this discography to document all the recordings of French symphonies that have been issued on CDs and LPs.

The composers included in this discography are those born in or who came to live in France and wrote Symphonies from the beginning of the 19th century to the present that have been recorded.. A chronological structure has been used in order to show the progression of symphonic works from the early nineteenth century up to our own time. This chronology is based on the birth year of the composer rather than the year a symphony was written. A composer index is placed first so the reader can immediately go to any particular composer. As in the previous discographies in this series, no attempt has been made to list every release of every recording of each work. There have just been too many reissues, especially from the major labels, to make this feasible for many recordings. Instead, what are listed is the most current issue the author has located and the earliest release (if any on LP or CD) of that particular recording. In general, multi-disc compendium releases are omitted unless they contain a unique recording or the sole modern reissue of a previously released performance.

The entry for each composer consists of two sections. First there is a compact biographical paragraph that notes some essential information such as place of birth, higher musical education (including schools and prominent teachers), subsequent musical careers in addition to composing, details of other symphonies that have not been recorded and selective lists of other works for orchestra. Compositional styles are not discussed in these paragraphs and readers are referred to the bibliography where various reference books that cover this subject are listed.

The second part of each composer entry consists of lists of his or her symphonies that have been recorded and the various recordings of each work. Symphony is defined here as any work the composer has designated as such in its title including works called "sinfonia" or "sinfonietta." The works can be for full orchestra, chamber orchestra, strings, winds, brass or chorus and orchestra. For every symphony that has them, the opus number, key signature and title are noted and the year of composition is stated for all. The entries of the symphonies that have had multiple recordings are listed alphabetically by the conductor's name. (The one exception to this is Lalo's "Symphonie Espagnole" where the violinist takes predcence over the conductor because of the nature of the work.) Each listing of a recording consists of the following components (if known): (1) Performers (in this order if all are involved - conductor, soloists, choral group, orchestra), (2) Other works on the recording. (3) Label and catalogue number and year of issue and (4) If the recording is a reissue, the original LP or CD release and its year of issue. Please note that the performers listed are for the entry work and not necessarily for the works that it is coupled with. Also, in most instances when an entry work is included in a large collection (especially if most of the other works are not related to the discography's subject) the list of couplings is not given but replaced by the title of the collection.

****************

The symphony arrived in France during the eighteenth century. It came at a time when French music was almost entirely dominated by the opera. Gradually, however, instrumental music began to find its place after the composer André Danican Philidor had established concerts for this purpose at the Palace of the Tuilleries. Orchestral by French and foreign composers were conducted by such distinguished musician as Jean-Philippe Rameau and Anton Stamitz. The introduction of the Symphonies of Franz Joseph Haydn onto the Parisian musical scene was extremely influential and pointed the way for the symphony to become an important component of French music.

This discography commences with the last Symphony written by the Flemish-born composer François-Joseph Gossec as it is the first 19th century French Symphony that has been recorded. With the exception of the very personal Symphonies of Berlioz, the first half of the19th century was not a particularly fruitful time for this genre. Things picked up after mid-century with Gounod and Bizet and by the century's last two decades the golden age of French symphonism had arrived as exemplified by Franck's Symphony in D minor, Chausson's Symphony in B-flat, Dukas' Symphony in C and Saint-Saëns' "Organ" Symphony. This was followed by an early 20th century afterglow best represented by d'Indy, Ropartz, Magnard, Roussel and Honegger and an eventual decline in the composition of symphonies with only Messiaen's "Turangalîla-Symphonie" and the pair written by Dutilleux as the only later 20th century symphonies showing any signs of permanence in the concert hall.

Yet, as the following discography demonstrates, there is a rich legacy of French symphonies that has been represented on recordings. There are also a substantial number of French symphonies that remain unknown, many of them, perhaps, rightly so. However, until the listening public gets a chance to hear them we will never know what we are missing.

The author's personal French symphonies want-to-hear list is as follows:
Tony Aubin (1907-1981): Symphonies Nos. 1 and 2
Leon Boellmann (1862-1897): Symphony in F major
Francis Casadesus (1870-1954): Symphonie Scandinave and Symphony in E
Cecile Chaminade (1857-1944): Symphonie Lyrique "Les Amazones"
Jean-Michel Damase (b. 1928): Symphony
Gabriel Fauré (1845-1924): Symphony in D minor
Lucien Haudebert (1877-1963): Symphonie Bretonne
Vincent d'Indy (1851-1931): Jean Hunyade Symphonie
Paul Ladmirault (1877-1944): Symphony in C major
Paul Pierné (1874-1952): Symphonies Nos. 1 and 2
Henriette Puig-Roget (1910-1992): Sinfonia Andorrana
Henri Rabaud (1873-1949): Symphony No. 1
Henri Tomasi (1901-1971): Symphony in C major and Symphonie du Tiers-Monde
Charles-Marie Widor (1844-1937): Symphonies Nos. 1 and 2
Georges Witkowski (1867-1943: Symphonies Nos. 1 and 2

****************

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
I have received a lot of help in preparing this discography. First of all, Rob Barnett of MusicWeb helped eliminate a lot of errors by proofreading the entire work. I am very grateful to him as well as to Len Mullenger who has kindly hosted and prepared my Discographies for the MusicWeb International website and has patiently instructed me on the use of a software program that has made it easier for me get my work ready for the internet. Finally, the following people have given me some important information that I could not find on my own and I just want to express my sincere gratitude: Paul Brooks of the Barbirolli Society, Paul Snook, Chris Howell and Hubert Culot.

****************

Please note that all recordings listed are CDs unless specifically designated as LPs.

Finally, as this resource is published online it can always be a work in progress as the author has the ability to amend the work when necessary with very little difficulty. A work of this type is bound to contain errors and omissions as so much material has been gathered from so many diverse sources. Therefore, I ask anyone who reads this book and finds such errors or omissions to please let me know at the email address (mherman@mindspring.com). I would be very grateful indeed.

The composers included in this discography are covered chronologically by the composers’ year of birth in order to show a progression of influences from one generation to the next. Their names are listed alphabetically in the following index and to go directly to a specific composer just click on their names.

Bacri, Nicolas
Ballif, Claude
Bancquart, Alain
Barlow, Fred
Barraud, Henry
Benjamin, Jean-Marie
Berlioz, Hector
Bizet, Georges
Boëllman, Leon
Casadesus, Robert
Castérède, Jacques
Chailley, Jacques
Chamouard, Philippe
Charpentier, Jacques
Chausson, Ernest
Cherubini, Luigi
Collet, Henri
Constant, Marius
Dalbavie, Marc-André
Damase, Jean-Michel
Daniel-Lesur, Jean-Yves
Debussy, Claude
Decoust, Michel
Dondeyne, Désiré
Dubois, Théodor
Dukas, Paul
Dupont, Jacques
Dupré, Marcel
Dutilleux, Henri
El-Khoury, Bechara
Emmanuel, Maurice
Escaich, Thierry
Farrenc, Louise
Fauré, Gabriel
Férré, Leo
Ferroud, Pierre-Octave
Françaix, Jean
Franck, César
Gaubert, Philippe
Godard, Benjamin
Gossec, François-Joseph
Gotkovsky, Ida
Goué, Émile
Gounod, Charles
Gouvy, Louis Théodore
Guilmant, Alexandre
Hérold, Louis Ferdinand
Honegger, Arthur
Ibert, Jacques
d'Indy, Vincent
Inghelbrecht, Désiré-Emile
Jolivet, André
Jorrand, André
Koechlin, Charles
Koering, René
Komives, Janos
Krotenberg, Alain
Lalo, Édouard
Lancen, Serge

Landowski, Marcel
Langevin, Claude
Lazzari, Sylvio
Le Flem, Paul
Leibowitz, René
Lemeland, Aubert
Le Masne, Luc
Le Penven, Jef
Lühl, Enguebrand-Friedrich
Magnard, Albéric
Martinon, Jean
Méhul, Étienne
Messager, André
Messiaen, Olivier
Migot, Georges
Milhaud, Darius
Nigg, Serge
Onslow, George
Paray, Paul
Pécou, Thierry
Poirier, Pierrick
Poulenc, Francis
Rabaud, Henri
Ramette, Yves
Ravel, Maurice
Reber, Napoléon Henri
Reyer, Ernest
Rivier, Jean
Ropartz, Joseph-Guy
Roussel, Albert
Saint-Saëns, Camille
Sauguet, Henri
Schmitt, Florent
Tanguy, Éric
Tansman, Alexandre
Tomasi, Henri
Tournemire, Charles
Vierne, Louis
Widor, Charles-Marie
Wissmer, Pierre
Wolff, Jean Claude

 

SOURCES OF INFORMATION

(1) BOOKS

Clough, Francis F. and C.J. Cuming. The World's Encyclopedia of Recorded Music (including Supplements) in 3 vols. London: Sidgwick and Jackson, 1952-57.

Davies, Laurence. César Franck and His Circle. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1970.

The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2d ed., in 29 vols., edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. New York: Grove, 2000.

Layton, Robert (ed.). A Guide to the Symphony. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Poulton, Alan J. A Label Discography of Long-Playing Records, 3 vols. Blandford, England: The Oakwood Press, 1975.

Sadie, Julie Anne and Rhian Samuel (eds). The Norton/Grove Dictionary of Women Composers. New York: W.W. Norton and Co, 1995.

Simpson, Robert. The Symphony, 2 vols. New York: Drake Publishers, 1972.

Slonimsky, Nicolas. Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, 8th edition. New York: Schirmer Books, 1992.

Slonimsky, Nicolas. Baker's Biographical Dictionary of 20th Century Classical Musicians (edited by Laura Kuhn). New York: Schirmer Books, 1997.

Thompson, Oscar (ed). The International Cyclopedia of Music and Musicians, updated 11th edition. New York: Dodd, Mead and Co., 1985.

 

(2) RECORD CATALOGS

Diapason: Catalogue Général de Musique Classique et de Diction (1972)

Gramophone Classical Record Catalogue (retitled: Gramophone Classical Catalogue) (1953-1996)

Gramophone Compact Disc Catalogue (1983-1990)

Schwann Long Playing Record Catalog (retitled: Schwann 1– Record and Tape Guide and Schwann Opus) (1949-2001)

 

(3) WEBSITES

LIBRARY CATALOGUES

Bibliotheque National de France http://www.bnf.fr/

British Library Sound Archive http://www.bl.uk/collections/sound-archive/nsa.html

Library and Archives Canada http:www.colectionscanada.gc.

Library of Congress http://catalog.loc.gov/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?DB=local&PAGE=First

New York Public Library Research Catalog http://catnyp.nypl.org/

 

OTHER SITES

Amazon (UK) http://www.amazon.co.uk

Arkiv Music http://www.arkivmusic.com/classical/main.jsp

Chandos Records http://www.chandos.net

Crotchet http://www.crotchet.co.uk

Dutton Vocalion Records http://www.duttonvocalion.com

EMI/Virgin Classics http://www.emiclassics.com

Gramophone http://www.gramophone.co.uk

Hyperion Records http://www.hyperion-records.co.uk

Lyrita Recorded Edition http://www.lyrita.co.uk

MDT http://www.mdt.co.uk/MDTSite/pages/home/default.asp

MusicWeb International http://www.musicweb-international.com

MuziekWeb (Centrale Discotheek Rotterdam) http://www.muziekweb.nl/menu/shared/cat/pica/index.php

Naxos Records http://www.naxos.com

 

COMPOSER AND CONDUCTOR SITES

Many contemporary composers have their own websites and others can be found on the websites of their publishers. There are also websites for earlier composers and conductors that are maintained by societies that promote their music and recordings. These can be found by typing the composer's name into any search engine.

 

 



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