is the final installment in this series of discographies devoted
to recorded symphonies that have been issued on CDs and LPs.
The title is somewhat inaccurate as this discography does
not include composers from the entire Asian continent, as
composers from Russia, the former Soviet Union and Turkey
are covered elsewhere. The composers who appear here are mostly
from Japan, China and Israel, with a small number from other
Asian countries in the Middle and Far East. As Japan has been
influenced by European culture since the latter part of the
19th century, its composers began writing European style classical
music in the early years of the 20th century. Israeli musical
culture, on the other hand, was mostly pioneered by emigration
from Central and Eastern Europe as a result of facism and
war. The remaining countries whose composers are represented
here are fairly recent newcomers to symphonic tradition as
all had, and still have, their own versions of "classical"
Although this discography attempts to be comprehensive, it
is much smaller than any of its predecessors as it contains
far fewer composers whose listed symphonies have usually been
recorded only once. Recorded is here defined as being available
in a physical format that can be (or could have been) purchased
or obtained from either a commercial or non-commercial source.
Tape recordings, DVD's, music available exclusively as downloads
from the internet and formats other than CD's or LP's are
not included. For the few recordingsthat have been reissued,
the most current reissue and the orginal release are the ones
entry for each composer consists of two sections. First there
is a compact biographical paragraph that notes some essential
information such as place of birth, higher musical education
(including schools and prominent teachers), subsequent musical
careers, in addition to composing, and details of other symphonies
that have not been recorded. Compositional styles are not
discussed in these paragraphs, and readers are referred to
the bibliography where various reference books that cover
this subject are listed. The second part of each composer
entry consists of lists of his or her symphonies that have
been recorded and the various recordings of each work. "Symphony"
is defined here as any work the composer has designated as
such in its title, including works called "sinfonia"
or "sinfonietta." The works can be for full orchestra,
chamber orchestra, strings, winds, brass or chorus and orchestra.
For every symphony that has them, the opus number, key signature
and title are noted and the year of composition or première
(if known) is stated for all. The entries of the symphonies
that have had multiple recordings are listed alphabetically
by the conductor's name. Each listing of a recording consists
of the following components: (1) performers (in this order
if all are involved - conductor, soloists, choral group, orchestra),
(2) other work or works on the recording, (3) label and catalogue
number and year of issue and (4) If the recording is a reissue,
the original LP or CD release and its year of issue. Please
note that the performers listed are for the entry work and
not necessarily for the works that it is coupled with. Also,
in most instances when an entry work is included in a large
collection (especially if most of the other works are not
related to the discography's subject), the list of couplings
is not given but is replaced by the title of the collection.
addition to the thorough editorial work by Steve Ellis, I
had significant help with this discography from Atsushi Sato
from Japan who alerted me to Japanese composers and recordings
whose existence I was totally unaware of. As in my previous
discographies, Len Mullenger of MusicWeb International was
on hand to help my work onto the internet.
note that all recordings listed are CDs unless specifically
designated as LPs. Composers are listed alphabetically by
their surnames in the body of the text with Chinese composers
showing that name first according to the usual practice.
Finally, as this resource is published online it can always be
a work in progress as the author has the ability to amend
the work when necessary with very little difficulty. A work
of this type is bound to contain errors and omissions as so
much material has been gathered from so many diverse sources.
Therefore, I ask anyone who reads this book and finds such
errors or omissions to please let me know at the e-mail address
below. I would be very grateful indeed.
Many contemporary composers have their own websites and
others can be found on the websites of their publishers. There
are also websites for earlier composers and conductors that
are maintained by societies that promote their music and recordings.
These can be found by typing the composer's name into any search